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Windows + Apple OS X Commands and What The Do

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Obey

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Junior Member
Junior Member

Posted on Mon May 06, 2013 6:00 pm

 
An A-Z index:
Here are things you can do by:
Open CMD, then enter one.
A

Spoiler:

ARP Address Resolution Protocol
ASSOC Change file extension associations
ASSOCIAT One step file association
ATTRIB Change file attributes

B
Spoiler:

BOOTCFG Edit Windows boot settings
BROWSTAT Get domain, browser and PDC info

C
Spoiler:

CACLS Change file permissions
CALL Call one batch program from another
CD Change Directory - move to a specific Folder
CHANGE Change Terminal Server Session properties
CHKDSK Check Disk - check and repair disk problems
CHKNTFS Check the NTFS file system
CHOICE Accept keyboard input to a batch file
CIPHER Encrypt or Decrypt files/folders
CleanMgr Automated cleanup of Temp files, recycle bin
CLEARMEM Clear memory leaks
CLIP Copy STDIN to the Windows clipboard.
CLS Clear the screen
CLUSTER Windows Clustering
CMD Start a new CMD shell
CMDKEY Manage stored usernames/passwords
COLOR Change colors of the CMD window
COMP Compare the contents of two files or sets of files
COMPACT Compress files or folders on an NTFS partition
COMPRESS Compress individual files on an NTFS partition
CON2PRT Connect or disconnect a Printer
CONVERT Convert a FAT drive to NTFS.
COPY Copy one or more files to another location
CSCcmd Client-side caching (Offline Files)
CSVDE Import or Export Active Directory data

D
Spoiler:

DATE Display or set the date
DEFRAG Defragment hard drive
DEL Delete one or more files
DELPROF Delete NT user profiles
DELTREE Delete a folder and all subfolders
DevCon Device Manager Command Line Utility
DIR Display a list of files and folders
DIRUSE Display disk usage
DISKCOMP Compare the contents of two floppy disks
DISKCOPY Copy the contents of one floppy disk to another
DISKPART Disk Administration
DNSSTAT DNS Statistics
DOSKEY Edit command line, recall commands, and create macros
DSACLs Active Directory ACLs
DSAdd Add items to active directory (user group computer)
DSGet View items in active directory (user group computer)
DSQuery Search for items in active directory (user group computer)
DSMod Modify items in active directory (user group computer)
DSMove Move an Active directory Object
DSRM Remove items from Active Directory

E
Spoiler:

ECHO Display message on screen
ENDLOCAL End localisation of environment changes in a batch file
ERASE Delete one or more files
EVENTCREATE Add a message to the Windows event log
EXIT Quit the current script/routine and set an errorlevel
EXPAND Uncompress files
EXTRACT Uncompress CAB files

F
Spoiler:

FC Compare two files
FIND Search for a text string in a file
FINDSTR Search for strings in files
FOR /F Loop command: against a set of files
FOR /F Loop command: against the results of another command
FOR Loop command: all options Files, Directory, List
FORFILES Batch process multiple files
FORMAT Format a disk
FREEDISK Check free disk space (in bytes)
FSUTIL File and Volume utilities
FTP File Transfer Protocol
FTYPE Display or modify file types used in file extension associations

G

Spoiler:

GLOBAL Display membership of global groups
GOTO Direct a batch program to jump to a labelled line
GPUPDATE Update Group Policy settings

H
Spoiler:

HELP Online Help

I
Spoiler:

iCACLS Change file and folder permissions
IF Conditionally perform a command
IFMEMBER Is the current user in an NT Workgroup
IPCONFIG Configure IP

K
Spoiler:

KILL Remove a program from memory

L
Spoiler:

LABEL Edit a disk label
LOCAL Display membership of local groups
LOGEVENT Write text to the NT event viewer
LOGMAN Manage Performance Monitor
LOGOFF Log a user off
LOGTIME Log the date and time in a file

M
Spoiler:

MAPISEND Send email from the command line
MBSAcli Baseline Security Analyzer.
MEM Display memory usage
MD Create new folders
MKLINK Create a symbolic link (linkd)
MODE Configure a system device
MORE Display output, one screen at a time
MOUNTVOL Manage a volume mount point
MOVE Move files from one folder to another
MOVEUSER Move a user from one domain to another
MSG Send a message
MSIEXEC Microsoft Windows Installer
MSINFO Windows NT diagnostics
MSTSC Terminal Server Connection (Remote Desktop Protocol)
MUNGE Find and Replace text within file(s)
MV Copy in-use files

N
Spoiler:

NET Manage network resources
NETDOM Domain Manager
NETSH Configure Network Interfaces, Windows Firewall & Remote access
NETSVC Command-line Service Controller
NBTSTAT Display networking statistics (NetBIOS over TCP/IP)
NETSTAT Display networking statistics (TCP/IP)
NOW Display the current Date and Time
NSLOOKUP Name server lookup
NTBACKUP Backup folders to tape
NTRIGHTS Edit user account rights

O
Spoiler:

OPENFILES Query or display open files

P
Spoiler:

PATH Display or set a search path for executable files
PATHPING Trace route plus network latency and packet loss
PAUSE Suspend processing of a batch file and display a message
PERMS Show permissions for a user
PERFMON Performance Monitor
PING Test a network connection
POPD Restore the previous value of the current directory saved by PUSHD
PORTQRY Display the status of ports and services
POWERCFG Configure power settings
PRINT Print a text file
PRINTBRM Print queue Backup/Recovery
PRNCNFG Display, configure or rename a printer
PRNMNGR Add, delete, list printers set the default printer
PROMPT Change the command prompt
PsExec Execute process remotely
PsFile Show files opened remotely
PsGetSid Display the SID of a computer or a user
PsInfo List information about a system
PsKill Kill processes by name or process ID
PsList List detailed information about processes
PsLoggedOn Who's logged on (locally or via resource sharing)
PsLogList Event log records
PsPasswd Change account password
PsService View and control services
PsShutdown Shutdown or reboot a computer
PsSuspend Suspend processes
PUSHD Save and then change the current directory

Q
Spoiler:

QGREP Search file(s) for lines that match a given pattern.

R
Spoiler:

RASDIAL Manage RAS connections
RASPHONE Manage RAS connections
RECOVER Recover a damaged file from a defective disk.
REG Registry: Read, Set, Export, Delete keys and values
REGEDIT Import or export registry settings
REGSVR32 Register or unregister a DLL
REGINI Change Registry Permissions
REM Record comments (remarks) in a batch file
REN Rename a file or files
REPLACE Replace or update one file with another
RD Delete folder(s)
RMTSHARE Share a folder or a printer
ROBOCOPY Robust File and Folder Copy
ROUTE Manipulate network routing tables
RUNAS Execute a program under a different user account
RUNDLL32 Run a DLL command (add/remove print connections)

S
Spoiler:

SC Service Control
SCHTASKS Schedule a command to run at a specific time
SCLIST Display NT Services
SET Display, set, or remove environment variables
SETLOCAL Control the visibility of environment variables
SETX Set environment variables permanently
SFC System File Checker
SHARE List or edit a file share or print share
SHIFT Shift the position of replaceable parameters in a batch file
SHORTCUT Create a windows shortcut (.LNK file)
SHOWGRPS List the NT Workgroups a user has joined
SHOWMBRS List the Users who are members of a Workgroup
SHUTDOWN Shutdown the computer
SLEEP Wait for x seconds
SLMGR Software Licensing Management (Vista/2008)
SOON Schedule a command to run in the near future
SORT Sort input
START Start a program or command in a separate window
SU Switch User
SUBINACL Edit file and folder Permissions, Ownership and Domain
SUBST Associate a path with a drive letter
SYSTEMINFO List system configuration

T
Spoiler:

TASKLIST List running applications and services
TASKKILL Remove a running process from memory
TIME Display or set the system time
TIMEOUT Delay processing of a batch file
TITLE Set the window title for a CMD.EXE session
TLIST Task list with full path
TOUCH Change file timestamps
TRACERT Trace route to a remote host
TREE Graphical display of folder structure
TYPE Display the contents of a text file
TypePerf Write performance data to a log file

U
Spoiler:

USRSTAT List domain usernames and last login

V
Spoiler:

VER Display version information
VERIFY Verify that files have been saved
VOL Display a disk label

W
Spoiler:

WHERE Locate and display files in a directory tree
WHOAMI Output the current UserName and domain
WINDIFF Compare the contents of two files or sets of files
WINMSD Windows system diagnostics
WINMSDP Windows system diagnostics II
WINRM Windows Remote Management
WINRS Windows Remote Shell
WMIC WMI Commands

X
Spoiler:

XCACLS Change file and folder permissions
XCOPY Copy files and folders
:: Comment / Remark



Apple OS X
A-Z Index:
A
Spoiler:

ALIASCreate an alias
ALLOC List used and free memory
APROPOS Search the whatis database for strings
AWK Find and Replace text within file(s)

B
Spoiler:

BASENAME Convert a full pathname to just a filename
BASH Bourne-Again SHell
BG Send to background
BIND Display readline key and function bindings
BLESS Set volume bootability and startup disk options.
BREAK Exit from a For, While, Until or Select loop
BUILRIN Execute a shell builtin
BZIP Compress or decompress files

C
Spoiler:

CAL Display a calendar
CALLER Return the context of a subroutine call
CASE Conditionally perform a command
CAT Display the contents of a file
CD Change Directory
CHFLAGS Change a file or folder's flags
CHGRP Change group ownership
CHMOD Change access permissions
CHOWN Change file owner and group
CHROOT Run a command with a different root directory
CKSUM Print CRC checksum and byte counts
CLEAR Clear terminal screen
CMP Compare two files
COMM Compare two sorted files line by line
COMMAND Run a command (not a function)
COMPLETE Edit a command completion [word/pattern/list]
CONTINUE Resume the next iteration of a loop
CP Copy one or more files to another location
CRON Daemon to execute scheduled commands
CRONTAB Schedule a command to run at a later date/time
CURL Transfer data from or to a server
CUT Divide a file into several parts

D
Spoiler:

DATE Display or change the date & time
DC Desk Calculator
DD Data Dump - Convert and copy a file
DECLARE Declare variable & set attributes
DEFAULTS Set preferences, show hidden files
DF Display free disk space
DIFF Display the differences between two files
DIFF3 Show differences among three files
DIG DNS lookup
DIRNAME Convert a full pathname to just a path
DIRS Display list of remembered directories
DISKUTIL Disk utilities - Format, Verify, Repair
DISOWN Unbind a job from the current login session
DITTO Copy files and folders
DOT_CLEAN Remove dot-underscore files
DRUTIL Interact with CD/DVD burners
DSCACHEUTIL Query or flush the Directory Service/DNS cache
DSCL Directory Service command line utility
DU Estimate file space usage

E
Spoiler:

ECHO Display message on screen
ED A line-oriented text editor (edlin)
EMAC/EMACS Then press ESC,type "Press X" then type in "snake" and hit enter and it plays snake. Credit to : -Shibbi-
ENABLE Enable and disable builtin shell commands
ENV Set environment and run a utility
EVAL Evaluate several commands/arguments
EXEC Execute a command
EXIT Exit the shell
EXPAND Convert tabs to spaces
EXPECT Programmed dialogue with interactive programs
Also see AppleScript
EXPORT Set an environment variable
EXPR Evaluate expressions

F
Spoiler:

FALSE Do nothing, unsuccessfully
FC Fix command (history)
FDISK Partition table manipulator for Darwin UFS/HFS/DOS
FG Send job to foreground
FILE Determine file type
FIND Search for files that meet a desired criteria
FMT Reformat paragraph text
FOLD Wrap text to fit a specified width
FOR Loop command
FSCK Filesystem consistency check and repair
FSACLCTL Filesystem enable/disable ACL support
FS_USUAGE Filesystem usage (process/pathname)
FTP Internet file transfer program

G
Spoiler:

GETFILEINFO Get attributes of HFS+ files
GETOPT Parse positional parameters
GETOPTS Parse positional parameters
GOTO Jump to label and continue execution
GREP Search file(s) for lines that match a given pattern
GROUPS Print group names a user is in
GZIP Compress or decompress files

H
Spoiler:

HASH Refresh the cached/remembered location of commands
HEAD Display the first lines of a file
HDIUTIL Manipulate iso disk images
HISTORY Command History
HOSTNAME Print or set system name

I
Spoiler:

ID Print user and group names/id's
IF Conditionally perform a command
INFO Help info
INSTALL Copy files and set attributes

J
Spoiler:

JOBS List active jobs
JOIN Join lines on a common field

K
Spoiler:

KEXTFIND List kernel extensions
KICKSTART Configure Apple Remote Desktop
KILL Stop a process from running

l
Spoiler:

l List files in long format (ls -l)
LAST Indicate last logins of users and ttys
LAUNCHCTL Load or unload daemons/agents
ll List files in long format, showing invisible files (ls -la)
LESS Display output one screen at a time
LET Evaluate expression
LIPO Convert a universal binary
LN Make links between files (hard links, symbolic links)
LOCAL Set a local (function) variable
LOCATE Find files
LOGNAME Print current login name
LOGIN log into the computer
LOGOUT Exit a login shell (bye)
LPR Print files
LPRM Remove jobs from the print queue
LPSTAT Printer status information
LS List information about file(s)
LSREGISTER Reset the Launch Services database
LSBOM List a bill of materials file
LSOF List open files

M
Spoiler:

MAN Help manual
MDFIND Spotlight search
MDUTIL Manage Spotlight metadata store
MKDIR Create new folder(s)
MKFIFP Make FIFOs (named pipes)
MORE Display output one screen at a time
MOUNT Mount a file system
MV Move or rename files or directories

N
Spoiler:

NET Manage network resources
NETSTAT Show network status
NETWORKSETUP Network and System Preferences
NICE Set the priority of a command
NOHUP Run a command immune to hangups
NTFS.UTIL NTFS file system utility

O
Spoiler:


ONINTR Control the action of a shell interrupt
OPEN Open a file/folder/URL/Application
OPENSNOOP Snoop file opens as they occur
OSACOMPILE Compile Applescript
OSASCRIPT Execute AppleScript

P
Spoiler:

PASSWD Modify a user password
PASTE Merge lines of files
PBCOPY Copy data to the clipboard
PBPASTE Paste data from the Clipboard
PICO Simple text editor
PING Test a network connection
PKGUTIL Query and manipulate installed packages
PLUTIL Property list utility
PMSET Power Management settings
POPD Restore the previous value of the current directory
PR Convert text files for printing
PRINTENV Print environment variables
PRINTF Format and print data
PS Process status
PUSHD Save and then change the current directory


Q
Spoiler:

QUOTA Display disk usage and limits

R
Spoiler:

RCP Copy files between machines
READ Read one line from standard input
READONLY Mark a variable or function as read-only
REBOOT Stop and restart the system
RETURN Exit a function
REV Reverse lines of a file
RM Remove files
RMDIR Remove folder(s)
RPM Remote Package Manager
RSYNC Remote file copy - Sync file tree (also RsyncX)

S
Spoiler:

SAY Convert text to audible speech
SCREEN Multiplex terminal, run remote shells via ssh
SCREENCAPTURE Capture screen image to file or disk
SDIFF Merge two files interactively
SECURITY Administer Keychains, keys, certificates and the Security framework
SED Stream Editor
SELECT Generate a list of items
SET Set a shell variable = value
SETFILE Set attributes of HFS+ files
SHIFT Shift positional parameters
SHOPT Set shell options
SHUTDOWN Shutdown or restart OS X
SIPS Scriptable image processing system
SLEEP Delay for a specified time
SOFTWAREUPDATE System software update tool
SORT Sort text files
SOURCE Execute commands from a file
SPLIT Split a file into fixed-size pieces
STOP Stop a job or process
SU Substitute user identity
SUDO Execute a command as another user
SUM Print a checksum for a file
SUSPEND Suspend execution of this shell
sw_VERS Print Mac OS X operating system version
SYSTEM_PROFILER Report system configuration
SYSTEMSETUPComputer and display system settings

T
Spoiler:

TAIL Output the last part of files
TAR Tape ARchiver
TEE Redirect output to multiple files
TEST Condition evaluation
TEXTUTIL Manipulate text files in various formats (Doc,html,rtf)
TIME Measure Program Resource Use
TIMES Print shell & shell process times
TOP Display process information
TOUCH Change file timestamps
TR Translate, squeeze, and/or delete characters
TRAP Execute a command when the shell receives a signal
TRACEROUTE Trace Route to Host
TRUE Do nothing, successfully
TTY Print filename of terminal on stdin
TYPE Describe a command

U
Spoiler:

UFS.UTIL Mount/unmount UFS file system
ULIMIT limit the use of system-wide resources
UMASK Users file creation mask
UMOUNT Unmount a device
UNALIAS Remove an alias
UNAME Print system information
UNEXPAND Convert spaces to tabs
UNIQ Uniquify files
UNITS Convert units from one scale to another
UNSET Remove variable or function names
UNTIL Loop command
USERS Print login names of users currently logged in
UUENCODE Encode a binary file
UUDECODE Decode a file created by uuencode
UUIDGEN Generate a Unique ID (UUID/GUID)
UUCP Unix to Unix copy

V
Spoiler:

VI Text Editor

W
Spoiler:


WAIT Wait for a process to complete
WC Print byte, word, and line counts
WHATIS Search the whatis database for complete words
WHERE Report all known instances of a command
WHICH Locate a program file in the user's path
WHILE Loop command
WHO Print all usernames currently logged on
WHOAMI Print the current user id and name (`id -un')
WRITE Send a message to another user

X
Spoiler:

XARGS Execute utility - passing arguments
YES Print a string until interrupted
!! Run the last command again

If you have any extras that I may have missed, feel free to message me and I will add it in.

This also took a long time, while stoned out of my mind... Give it a Thanks!



https://twitter.com/Callmegebo


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